There are a number of places in Makkah where a visitor needs to do the Ziyaraats.
In Makkah ziyarat places, first place to be mentioned is the place of birth of The Holy Prophet (S.A). Until 1950, there was a mosque at that place, and afterwards it was converted into the library. This place is near to Marwah. The birth of The Holy Prophet (S.A) took place on Monday 22 April, 571. This is the same year when Abraha showed an intention to deconstruct Bait Ullah.
The Cave of Hira
The cave of Hira will be your second place of Ziyarah. The Holy Prophet (S.A) used to go there and used to offer prayers. This place is five kilometers away from Masjid-e-Haram. People used to climb the mountain and it will take yourself about 45 minutes to reach out to the peak. During the season of Hajj, it takes you a lot of the time to reach out there. This is the same place in which the first wahi was bestowed on The Holy Prophet (S.A). According to history, it was Monday 12 February, 610.
The Cave of Saur
The third place in Makkah ziyarat places is the cave of Saur , this is the place where The Holy Prophet (S.A) spent three days and three nights with Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A) when he migrated from Makkah to Madinah. The daughter of Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A) used to bring food for them at the same place and the slave of him used to provide milk of goats to the same place. This event was happened at 622 A.D. It takes you one and a half hour to reach out to this place from the ground.
The fourth place is Jabl-e-Rahmat; this is the place where the forefather of mankind, Hazrat Adam (A.M) met with her wife after forty years. This is twenty kilometers away from Makkah City. There was a stream of water near to this mountain, and that was known as Zubaida Stream, it was constructed on the instructions of Queen Zubaida. The government is making efforts to reinstate this stream.
The fifth place is Ayesha Mosque, this is the place where pilgrims put on their Ahrams. The historical evidence of this place is that Hazrat Ayesha (R.A) stayed and put on Ahram at the instructions of The Holy Prophet (S.A). People used to take the bath before putting on Ahram at this place. This place is the limit of Haram. Non Muslims are not allowed to cross over this place. People used to offer nafl at this place to start their journey for Umrah.
Jannat ul Moallah
Ziyarat in Makkah also entails the visit to Jannat ul Moallah, it is also a historical place in the history of Islam. This is a place where the first wife of The Holy Prophet (S.A), Hazrat Khadija (R.A) was buried. Along with Hazrat Khadija (R.A) few other close relatives of The Holy Prophet (S.A) were also buried. Until Hazrat Khadija (R.A) remained alive, the Holy Prophet (S.A) did not do any other marriage. She was the mother of six child of Holy Prophet (S.A).
Near to this Jannat ul Muallah, there is a mosque known as Masjid-e-Jin. In that place the Jin (Sprits) did ‘bait’ to obey the commands of the Holy Prophet (S.A). This is also a historical place in the history of Islam.
The seventh place is Maqam-e-Ibrat, it’s the place where the citizens of Makkah used to bury their daughters alive. Still two graves are there to view. The Holy Prophet (S.A) arrived in this world to take people out from such rituals. The people of Makkah loved to have sons, but they hate to have daughters. That was a symbol of disgrace for them. Islam removed all of these confusions from their minds and purified their hearts with the Quran and Hadith.
house of Abu Jahal
The eighth place is the house of Abu Jahal. Abu Jahal was the greatest enemy of Islam. He teased the Holy Prophet (S.A) to a great deal. He was the murderer of many Sahabah and Sahabiat; he used to convince people to remain away from the Holy Prophet (S.A). Abu Jahal got killed in the battle of Badar.
Ziyarat in Makkah includes few more places to visit are Minah, Muzdalifah, Arafat and Masjid-e-Nimra. These are the places where pilgrims used to stay during the days of Hajj. They need to spend five days and five nights at these places and this obligatory during the days of Hajj. Even in the age of Jahiliah, the time when people were unaware of Islam, these places were considered to be sacred, and people used to visit these places.
Some of the places had vanished during the extension of Masjid-e-Haram. Amongst them, were the house of Hazrat Khadija (R.A) and a community of Quraish Tribe. The Holy Prophet (S.A) spent days of his life there, as well. Shaibe Abi Talib is also a mentionable place where the entire family of the Holy Prophet (S.A) got imprisoned for three years; this place is also made part of Masjid-e-Haram. One must visit Makkah Ziyarat places as of all these sacred places strengthen your Eman and give the knowledge about great history of Islam.